Stone is one of the oldest and most functioning building materials. Since people have gained the ability to process this durable material, houses have been carved out of stone, made of stone and decorated with stone. In the past, the type of stone used in house construction generally depended on being easily available in the region because it was difficult and costly to carry the stone due to its weight, which is still the case. However, it is one of the strongest and most reliable materials as a building material that functions as a carrier; The foundations and walls have been made of stone since the Middle Ages due to its load bearing capacity. Today, although concrete is cheaper, stone continues to be in demand as a covering material, either on the carrier system or on the less costly wall construction.